During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. The North was supported by China and the Soviet Union while the South was supported by the United States, Thailand, Australia, and South Korea. Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War? During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. Initially this was on the condition that they held United Nations status as refugees and had an occupational qualification useful to New Zealand. 0000001957 00000 n startxref endstream endobj 43 0 obj <>/Metadata 7 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 6 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 9 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080603110444)/PageLabels 4 0 R>> endobj 44 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream Relations between American and Australian military leaders were not always smooth. Holyoake justified New Zealand's lack of assistance by pointing to its military contribution to the Indonesia-Malaysian Confrontation, but eventually the government decided to contribute. Backed by the French, Emperor Bao set up the state of Vietnam in July 1949 choosing Saigon as the capital city. The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. A delegation of New Zealand Vietnam veterans will attend the Australian Vietnam War commemorations in Canberra on 18 August. Anti war posters, slogans, eggs, flour bombs were used to reinforce and highlight the anti-war message. 0000003626 00000 n Although both parties wanted a united country, Ho and his supporters favored communism while Bao and many others wanted to establish a country based on western culture. In fact it has been our longest war, longer than World War 1 and 2 combined and yet we’d heard almost nothing about it,” says Annie. 1962 – 1975. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Even after its federation and nominal independence in 1901, Australia’s foreign policy was for years strongly influenced by Britain. How and why did New Zealand become involved in the Vietnam War? New Zealanders went to war because they had to back up Britain who were their motherland. Causes of the Vietnam war. In what year did the Geneva Conference decide there would be elections to unite Vietnam? 0000010495 00000 n New Zealand military personnel and civilian volunteers served in the jungles, skies, hospital wards, training camps, and offices of South Vietnam from 1963 to 1975. 0000002106 00000 n The contribution of Australia and New Zealand to the Vietnam War is significant to Australians and New Zealanders, but in the wider context of the war it was minor. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 Australian personnel following the Menzies Government's April 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to South Vietnam's security. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. (f`ğeàávTciL“ú`Æi0‘�ãç„O/Ì世Úc\Æ ¶•Á The difference in ideology resulted in one of the world’s longest and brutal wars. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. <<03891D7372B48F4785488ED7C3EAB3F4>]>> New Zealand's Vietnam War The Vietnam War was our longest and most contentious military experience of the twentieth century. Since the 19th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. New Zealand and the Vietnam War. It was fought in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia between North and South Vietnam. Australian support for South Vietnam in the early 1960s was in keeping with the policies of other nations to stem the spread of communism in Europe and Asia. The book New Zealand's Vietnam War by Ian McGibbon, published in 2010, completed the project of official war histories begun in 1945 and focuses on what New Zealand did in south Vietnam. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… New Zealands involvement in the Vietnam War spurred the anti-war movement to grow as wider members of society began to question the significance of alliances to major countries and if it was really for the benefit of New Zealand. 61 0 obj <>stream However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. 0000003049 00000 n Which was the first war New Zealand fought in without Britain? The Vietnam War left a strong legacy of injustice in New Zealand felt by many of the troops who served in the war.The treatment of veterans was not resolved until 1998 when the first Vietnam Parade occurred in Wellington, where veterans received recognition for their service in the Vietnam War. 0000003703 00000 n trailer Fear of communism There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy Sending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy Situation in Vietnam Vietnam was once a colony of France After WW2 the … In 1963 Prime Minister Keith Holyoake agreed to send non-combatant troops into the Vietnam War. New Zealand joined its major allies in recognising the French-sponsored Bao Dai regime in 1950, but remained unsure about the strength and legitimacy of the non-communist forces in Vietnam. 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