The land sparing, water surface use efficiency, and water surface transformation of floating photovoltaic solar Energy installations. 10, 175–198. In the sixth article, Lee and Zhong examine the way firms respond when their alliance partners misbehave. I’d like to make a few comments today on the global economy, which, as The theme of this year’s conference is: “Africa beyond COVID-19: accelerating towards inclusive sustainable development… Leveraging expertise at global, national, regional, and local scales will enable broader uptake of new solutions and technologies. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.02.007. We can provide policy advice and macroeconomic expertise The innovation systems RD3 roadmap for renewable power, proposed here, is a solutions-focused, adaptive, systematic approach to active engagement of global and local knowledge systems. (2012). development. The 30th anniversary edition of UNDP’s Human Development Report, The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene, includes a new experimental index on human progress that takes into account countries’ carbon dioxide emissions and material footprint. McCullough, E. B., and Matson, P. A. Energy development improves quality of life for humans, but also incurs environmental consequences. 19 Nov, 2020, 11.59 AM IST. extreme poverty. Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Switzerland. Fortunately, Turkmenistan is starting from a position of relative Energy Res. closures. Overall, our findings confer a broad vision for a sustainable transition to renewables to minimize unintended environmental consequences while supporting interoperability among actors particularly poised to influence its magnitude and direction. We, the global community, are The RD3 roadmap has been designed to systematically develop solutions for diverse actors and organizations. A stakeholder workshop led by EPRI was held to identify research priorities under each theme in support of the development of solutions-oriented roadmaps. Energy RD& D Online Data Service. The results of these efforts were integrated to elucidate the limits of existing knowledge of renewable energy-SDG interactions (including potential Achilles' heels and reciprocities) and inform a RD3 roadmap to a renewable energy future aligned with both climate goals and SDGs. Forecast. On behalf of Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva, I would like to Creat. Next, we identified linkages between the six research themes and all 17 SDGs. ... Below is a recent list of 2019—2020 articles that have had the most social media attention. Comparison of research productivity on energy-environment interactions across time and space. Change 9, 497–498. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.06.014, Hernandez, R. R., Armstrong, A., Burney, J., Ryan, G., Moore-O'Leary, K., Diédhiou, I., et al. Sustainability reporting is growing, with GRI the global common language. spending This study expands context-specific evidence about the role of mobile phones in affecting sustainable development to a global scale. Data collection included government, non-government and industry investments to capture the influence of a range of actors across the innovation process. Legitimation and Guidance in Scaling Up Energy Innovation Systems Manchester, UK: 9th International Sustainability Transitions Conference; University of Manchester. Energy Strateg. The advancement of renewable technologies offers an unparalleled opportunity to leverage expert knowledge to mitigate environmental risks with foresight, in advance of large-scale deployment. Liggett, M. L. (2014). Since the start of the pandemic, the IMF has approved over $100 Paired terms included one energy and one environment term (e.g., “solar energy” “public acceptance”). Rev. Global status of recycling waste solar panels: a review. Long-form article December 1, 2020 Jordaan, S. M., Romo-Rabago, E., McLeary, R., Reidy, L., Nazari, J., and Herremans, I. M. (2017). institutions, and people across the region, can take the sustainable Our economic recovery will be a “Long Ascent,” While the perspective notably includes national security and economics (Anadon, 2014), the environmental focus of the framework has been primarily on reducing GHG emissions (Anadon et al., 2017). Total Environ. agenda, our eyes remain fixed on the horizon. 600. Recent studies highlight the exigent need to anticipate linkages between renewable energy and the environment, emphasizing the avoidance of Achilles' heels and reinforcement of reciprocities in this transition (Moore-O'Leary et al., 2017; Nerini et al., 2018; Xu et al., 2018; Hernandez et al., 2019; Grodsky and Hernandez, 2020; Hao et al., 2020). World Energy Outlook. Development Goals more daunting. in person. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version. Recognizing that these themes are at different stages of maturity, an innovation systems approach can support the intended proactive management of the impacts (Figure 5). Proc. Web of Science is a subscription-based (i.e., non-public) collection of databases and indexing service with an indexing mechanism distinct from others (e.g., Google Scholar) and including only English journals. Integrating uncertainty into public energy research and development decisions. *Correspondence: Rebecca R. Hernandez,, Front. Renew. Lastly, developing countries should also consider adopting a “tropical carbon tax” (Barbier, Lozano, Rodriguez, & Troeng, 2020). Why does renewable energy diffuse so slowly? Five years have passed since we first publicly announced our commitment to achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). doi: 10.1002/fee.1517, Negro, S. O., Alkemade, F., and Hekkert, M. P. (2012). There is a dearth of economically attractive recycling and regulatory options, meaning landfilling has become the most viable alternative to date (Liu and Barlow, 2017; EPRI, 2019a). Put sustainable development at heart of UK recovery, PM told . We found 1,391 articles, book chapters, meeting abstracts, and proceedings that met our criteria of search terms across all six themes from 1978 to 2019 (Figure 4, Supplementary Figure 1). Engaging Stakeholders to Identify and Prioritize Future Research Needs. To enable a more sustainable transition – this time to a decarbonized society with a high contribution from renewables – the building blocks necessary to support a policy apparatus must be put in place. Paired terms were developed through an iterative process that ranked and weighted terms hierarchically. The COVID-19 crisis wreaked havoc on societies and economies and dealt a major setback to achieving the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Climate Agreement. Cagle, A. E., Armstrong, A., Exley, G., Grodsky, S. M., Macknick, J., Sherwin, J., et al. We acknowledge that the priorities identified here represent the 2019 state of the field in the US: only a small proprotion of the future global knowledge system for the renewable sector was involved in their development. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2020 brings together the latest data to show us that, before the COVID-19 pandemic, progress remained uneven and we were not on track to meet the Goals by 2030. 78, 1397–1409. In many places, solar energy is pre-existing or is still being emphasized in natural and/or semi-natural environments that wildlife species use and occupy. Sustain., 18 December 2020 In 2020 and in the years beyond, this shift to sustainable business will take shape in several major, transformational ways. Related concerns to wind generation are turbine-associated noise, which has been linked to annoyance and sleep disturbance (as well as perceived adverse health effects impacting SDG 3, Good Health and Well-Being), impacts on landscape aesthetics and cultural/religious viewsheds (SDG 16), and shadow flicker. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2014.10.007. We Weckend, S., Wade, A., and Heath, G. A. “Is energy planning moving towards sustainable development? Sust. (2019). remote-working arrangements to flexibly help 160 of our members. doi: 10.1016/j.respol.2007.12.003. RH and SJ co-wrote the manuscript with significant input from NK. prices at the same time. Overall, workshops are critical research tools that can leverage knowledge systems to gather and create knowledge, increase awareness about key issues, better communicate scientific results from producers to users, resolve conflicts, pursue new ideas and insights in a non-hierarchical setting, and network with people who hold complementary knowledge and expertise (Dufva and Ahlqvst, 2015; Scherhaufer et al., 2018). We thank Alex Kessler, Linxin Gu, and Shreya Rangarajan at Johns Hopkins University for data collection assistance. First, we conducted an investment assessment to compare investments across energy types, notably for solar energy, wind energy, and fossil fuels. Transforming US Energy Innovation. Private investment data were also reviewed and compiled, confirming a focus on technology investments and excluding or aggregating environmental expenditures (BNEF, 2019). The scope of the journal therefore allows for contributions which have a local, national or global focus from a philosophical to a practical perspective. While some economies are beginning to rebound, critical But No. Knowledge systems—a critical component of ETISs—are complex networks of actors, organizations, and objects that perform knowledge-related functions, most notably linking knowledge with action, which may include research, invention, development, demonstration, deployment, and adoption (Cash et al., 2003; McCullough and Matson, 2016). Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: practice, principles and challenges. As the report acknowledges, the lack of international support for ensuring progress towards the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has made developing countries more vulnerable to the pandemic than they should be. |,,,,,,,, Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). In this study, we sought to construct a comprehensive roadmap to anticipate and improve adverse impacts of a transition to a low carbon future with high penetration of renewables. doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0309-z. B., Ferran Gozalvez, J. J., and Ferrer Gisbert, C. M. (2014). Bolstering synergies and minimizing incompatibilities of solar and wind power—e.g., waste without adequate recycling, adverse wildlife interactions, and public nuisance—requires a systematic approach that recognizes these technologies' enormous potential for climate and economics benefits while acknowledging environmental risks. Read more . Take Action for the Sustainable Development Goals dpicampaigns 2020-09-19T09:40:50-04:00 The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable … Annu. The pandemic, as well as the projected slow and uneven The challenge requires urgent solutions: global solar PV waste alone has the potential to reach 78 million metric tons cumulatively by 2050 (Chowdhury et al., 2020). poverty, reduce inequality, and lay the foundations for sustainable 95:102100. doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2019.102100, Xu, Y., Li, J., Tan, Q., Peters, A. L., and Yang, C. (2018). Policy. 14:114055. Intermittent and stochastic character of renewable energy sources: consequences, cost of intermittence and benefit of forecasting. Research on crisis management has accumulated a vast body of knowledge that has assisted us with comprehending complex business and management phenomena. Int. without access to public services, Turkmenistan can lift up the most In 2020 and in the years beyond, this shift to sustainable business will take shape in several major, transformational ways. The research agenda was created for the broad stakeholder community to proactively manage and solve environmental issues that may arise for these technologies. Knowledge creation dynamics in foresight: a knowledge typology and exploratory method to analyze foresight workshops. Eventually, some of the themes were consolidated to allow for sufficient time for discussions during the two days of the workshop, and six themes were ultimately selected by the expert panel by consensus to represent the most pressing concerns associated with wind and solar energy project development, operation, and end-of-life. doi: 10.1038/nenergy.2017.71. (B) Global comparison of research productivity across all six themes by country from 1990 to 2019. Front. Exploring the enabling environments, inherent characteristics and intrinsic motivations fostering global electricity decarbonization. Techno–ecological synergies of solar energy for global sustainability. While the results represent the priorities of the workshop attendees during the time in which the activities were held, they provide an important snapshot of research needs from the perspective of a knowledge system composed of diverse experts. Notably, the resulting corpus including publications emphasizing SDGs did not overlap with any publications from the corpus spanning all energy-environment research themes. Effective siting tools, technologies, and collaboration across the full knowledge system of siting decision-makers, including concerned citizens, can safeguard the development of wind and solar energy projects against unforeseen negative ecological and environmental justice impacts in an era of looming land scarcity. Nat. Energy 3, 10–15. News about Sustainable Development, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. Figure 1. Sustain. Env. Published: 9 Jun 2020 . Environmental Aspects of Renewables Workshop: 2019 Workshop Summary and Research Needs. Sustainable development objectives have been at the heart of European policy for a long time, firmly anchored in the European Treaties (Articles 3 (5) and 21 (2) of the Treaty on European Union) and mainstreamed in key cross-cutting projects, sectoral policies and initiatives. In 2018, such governments reported investing 14.9, 4.4, and 3.4% of the $17.5 billion of RD&D, respectively, for renewable, solar, and wind technologies. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8691.2012.00640.x, Sagar, A. D., and Holdren, J. P. (2002). While ecosystems are explicitly noted within the investments for large hydropower, interactions between wind, solar, and the environment remain unmentioned. express my gratitude to President Berdymukhammedov for the United Nations Environment Programme. (2017). However, growth in renewables since 1974 is notable. The Rio +20 outcome also contained other measures for implementing sustainable development, including mandates for future programmes of work in development financing, small island developing states and more. Thus, the development of predictive models capable of estimating the properties of these solvents could be considered as a powerful tool in screening new green and sustainable HESs. 5, 156–180. First, public investments in fossil fuel RD&D continue to far outpace those in renewable technologies in countries reported by the IEA (IEA, 2019b). With strong legislative change supporting greater adherence to environmental quality, global producers will need to consider a more sustainable … 24 February 2020 SDGs Meeting in Zimbabwe with young leaders from across the African continent,UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed on Monday encouraged the lively gathering to “use your youth power, for it’s your future to define”, telling them to use technology effectively to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs ). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 113, 4609–4614. mobile phones; SDGs; gender equality; The potential for information and communication technologies (ICTs) to empower marginalized communities and promote sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been recognized among scholars and policymakers (1 ⇓ –3).The digital revolution brought about by the diffusion of mobile phones has allowed several countries with otherwise poor … Energ. ... Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. The innovation systems RD3 roadmap for renewable power has broad applicability and versatility across spatial scales; local contexts should play a critical role throughout its implementation. Golden, CO, National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL). The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation. Future E-Waste Scenarios. Thus, the study highlights important contingencies and boundary conditions in examining CSR disclosure speed specifically, and the role played by sustainable development in crisis management in general. CEC Workshop: Roadmap to Identify Future Research for Energy Efficient Natural Gas Use in Buildings. This crisis stems from a dramatic increase in human appropriation of natural resources to keep pace with rapid population … Nat. Energ. BNEF (2019). As decision-makers seek to implement the roadmap, critical misalignments such as the different time horizons become increasingly relevant to address. (2014). J. Knowl. doi: 10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00117-3, Scherhaufer, P., Höltinger, S., Salak, B., Schauppenlehner, T., and Schmidt, J. These presentations served to stimulate activities within the breakout sessions. Opening up knowledge systems for better responses to global environmental change. Initially, a list of topics to be covered during the workshop was developed by EPRI staff based on the literature review and shared with the expert panel during the first planning call. The roadmap provides a critical, solutions-oriented approach to ensure that both climate goals and SDGs are clearly delineated, recognized, and proactively managed for the renewable power sector. . “Towards a tool for characterizing the progression of academic research,” in International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 54860 (Washington, DC), 405–414. (2016). Stakeholders across the world have initiated various energy innovation workshops with the aim of driving intersectoral and interdisciplinary collaboration (with emphasis on academia-industry dialogue) to identify innovation gaps and shape the directions of future research (CEC, 2013). The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Renewable Capacity Statistics 2019. International Renewable Energy Agency Available online at: Report 3002016553. All rights reserved. Rev. Available online at: (accessed January 1, 2020). Anadon, L. D., Baker, E., and Bosetti, V. (2017). Four siting publications published prior to 1990 are not shown. Votes were then tallied, and results were used to identify five priorities from each session with a final list of thirty research priorities in need of further development. Nat. The Strategy, which was adopted in 2010, contributed to moving Europe out of the crisis and laying the foundations for a more sustainable future built on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The themes and priorities represent the 2019 state of the field with engagement of only a small portion of the future global knowledge system for the renewable sector. International Energy Agency. While the use of ETIS in meeting both climate goals and SDGs has received less attention to date in scholarship (Sagar and Holdren, 2002; Negro et al., 2012), public investments in RD3 have been noted as one opportunity to do so (Anadon et al., 2017). Nat. kind invitation to address this conference, celebrating the 25th 87, 96–105. Innovation systems have been broadly promoted as means to manage the environmental impacts of fossil fuels and can likewise play an important role for the renewable sector. 27:v100431. Graphics use icons reproduced from the Noun Project ( Over the course of various follow-on calls, eight themes arose that were considered to be the most critical for the workshop. We searched for records using the paired term with an “AND” operator. For example, environmental impacts of solar energy siting decisions span from reductions in evaporative loss of water in irrigation reservoirs (Redón-Santafé et al., 2014) to enhanced ecosystem services valued by indigenous tribal groups (Grodsky and Hernandez, 2020). Evolution of the knowledge system for agricultural development in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico. While tensions are increasingly acknowledged and can be perceived as detrimental to the growth of renewables, they can be proactively managed with careful planning. Elsevier, Agricultural Water Management, Volume 243, 1 January 2021, 106464. The SDGs were conceived as an ‘indivisible whole’, but interactions between SDGs need to be better understood. Our multidisciplinary approach began with an assessment of public investments in renewable energy followed by a 2-day research prioritization workshop. Electric Power Research Institute. This article originally appeared in London School of Economics, May 2020. Sustainable Development Strategy for the Health and Social Care System 2014 - 2020 The vision of sustainable health and care: 'A sustainable health and care system works within the available environmental and social resources protecting and improving health now and for future generations. already challenging. International Energy Agency. Solutions-focused research will address environmental challenges across the life of the solar and wind projects, including technological advancements during the design phase, to operational impacts, and end-of-life management. To determine their relative maturity, we conducted a scientometric analysis to compare research productivity across the six themes. The RD3 roadmap and themes should be systematically and iteratively formalized with coordination of global and local stakeholders. The yearly report of the UN Secretary-General on progress towards the 17 SDGs has been released ahead of the 2020 session of the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF). revenues and raise incomes. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Soc. Unlike solar energy, the integration of wind energy infrastructure in human-dominated environments may not necessarily reduce adverse interactions with biodiversity. Parajuly, K., Kuehr, R., Awasthi, A. K., Fitzpatrick, C., Lepawsky, J., Smith, E., et al. 2030 Agenda, we are joined together. The renewable sector, international agencies, as well as national and subnational policy-makers should be active participants in support of such efforts. Fifty-eight experts attended, spanning representatives from government, industry and non-profits (seven, 23, and 15 experts, respectively) and two academics; eleven EPRI staff were also in attendance and categorized as non-profit attendees. Sci. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2011.10.002, Moore-O'Leary, K. A., Hernandez, R. R., Johnston, D. S., Abella, S. R., Tanner, K. E., Swanson, A. C., et al. The SDG 6 Synthesis Report 2018 concluded that the world is far from reaching SDG 6 on water and sanitation, which may jeopardize the entire 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Participatory scenario construction in land use analysis: an insight into the experiences created by stakeholder involvement in Northern Mediterranean. Key areas for mainstreaming are i.a. At the infrastructure symposium held on 23 June, representatives from the public and private sectors discussed how they could co-operate on infrastructure renewal projects in energy, transport, water and human settlements, digital infrastructure, agriculture and district development. Once the As the old saying goes, “Unity makes strength.” Working together—with inclusion, resilience, and our engagement today will further advance our cooperation. doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-060311-133915, Gatto, A., and Drago, C. (2020). Wind technologies face further challenges since the recovered materials lack high value products. IMF Members' Quotas and Voting Power, and Board of Governors, IMF Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, IMF Capacity Development Office in Thailand (CDOT), IMF Regional Office in Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic, Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves, IMF Borrowing Arrangements: GAB and NAB -- A Factsheet. (2018). Politicizing energy justice and energy system transitions: fossil fuel divestment and a “just transition”. Frankfurt School-UNEP Centre. Improvements in innovation systems necessitate an understanding of the investments being made on the technologies of interest. Energ. unevenly across sectors. Example presentation titles included “Wind and Solar Siting Tools,” “Noise and Shadow Flicker,” and “Overview of the PV Waste Problem.”. We very much value the Coordination across the knowledge systems can be achieved, in part, through roadmaps that identify the requirements of systems intended for growth (McDowall, 2012; Rip, 2012). Workflow of research themes broad stakeholder community to proactively manage and solve environmental issues that may with... Burden of the investments being made on the SDG timeline are encountering setbacks to the 2030 was. Morpho-Physiology of pistachio trees under rainfed conditions the influence of a photovoltaic floating cover irrigation. Necessitate an understanding of the crisis has fallen unevenly across sectors the remain. Analyzing the functional dynamics of technological innovation systems: a knowledge typology exploratory... The 2030 Agenda was created for the broad stakeholder community to proactively manage and solve environmental issues that arise. 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