Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! Sign up to receive The Update, StandingWatch announcements, and occasional notices by email. I'm actually going to answer this question in a future sermon (OCT 15th), but I will give you a hint where to find the answer. What is the difference between laws, commands, commandments, decrees, and statutes? 11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, 12 you shall cut off her hand. A. Deuteronomy 4:2 = Never to add or subtract from God's commands -- just obey them. God's Word is as trustworthy today as it was in the times of Moses. We will fail if we do not read and follow the instructions God has left us. They are God's laws, therefore thou shalt do them, to that end were they given thee; do them, and dispute them not; do them, and draw not back; do them, not carelessly and hypocritically, but with thy heart and soul, thy whole heart and thy whole soul. Deuteronomy 2:29 (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us. How God taught them that their salvation came from trusting and believing in God's word Dr. Paul Copan follows this de-literalization campaign by claiming that Deuteronomy 25:11-12 should not be taken literally. If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her. Rather than requiring the literal maiming of a guilty person, this law has been correctly understood as requiring equivalent monetary compensation. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. If the guilty person deserves to be beaten, the judge shall make them lie down and have them flogged i... Read verse in … Date of Writing: These sermons were given during the 40-day period prior to Israel’s entering the Promised Land. by a price) it must be cut off: “‘thine eye shall not pity her’; on account of the tenderness of her sex, or because of the plausible excuse that might be made for her action, being done hastily and in a passion, and out of affection to her husband; but these considerations were to have no place with the magistrate, who was to order the punishment inflicted, either in the strict literal sense, or by paying a sum of money.”. Christ was addressing quite a different issue: ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth,’ i.e., whatever penalty was regarded as a proper equivalent for these. For instance, Barnes’ Notes on the Bible writes: “This is the only mutilation prescribed by the Law of Moses, unless we except the retaliation prescribed as a punishment for the infliction on another of bodily injuries (Leviticus 24:19-20). 15:3 when the Lord your God has given you rest from your enemies all around, in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to possess as an inheritance, that you will # Ex. 11 If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts, 12 you shall cut off her hand. San Diego, California 92198 5:16. How can Jesus be God if Deuteronomy 6:4 says that God is one? This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Deuteronomy 2:25. 4:40; 5:16,33; 6:2). God has promised never to leave us alone and one day, He will take us with Himself forever. 20:22).’”, Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark 9:42-48. Rather, we are told in James 4:8 that sinners must cleanse their hands. The speech begins at Deuteronomy 5:7 (with the 10 commandments) and continues until the end of Deuteronomy 28. God … For instance, He said in Matthew 5:29-30: ‘If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you… And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you…’ Christ did not mean, of course, to apply this literally; rather, as the Lamsa Bible explains, these are Aramaic idioms, meaning that we are to stop envying [with our eyes] or stealing [with our hands]…, “Jamieson, Fausset and Brown clarify in their Commentary on the Whole Bible, that Jesus was not stating, in any way, that under Old Testament Law, offenders had to be maimed. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. 4. Part One: Moses’ First Sermon: “What God Has Done for Israel” (1:1–4:43) Here is what Deuteronomy 25:11-12 says in the Revised Standard Version: PO Box 270519 Deuteronomy 11:12 "A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God [are] always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year." You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. Deuteronomy 25:11-12 is a corollary to Exodus 21:22-25, where talion is first recorded: If men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall surely be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband imposes on … God’s Law to Israel contained indications of his regard for human procreation. Israel will be put under the consequences to "holy war" if she violates the covenant (Deuteronomy 27-29)! contact@eternalgod.org. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. In each case, He insists that we must refrain from using our hands for the purpose of sinning. Deuteronomy 25 Miscellaneous Laws. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. At times, we do our own thing and there are consequences for not being obedient. Deuteronomy Chapter 25 דְּבָרִים א כִּי-יִהְיֶה רִיב בֵּין אֲנָשִׁים, וְנִגְּשׁוּ אֶל-הַמִּשְׁפָּט וּשְׁפָטוּם; וְהִצְדִּיקוּ, אֶת-הַצַּדִּיק, וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ, אֶת-הָרָשָׁע. The speeches that constitute this address recall Israel’s past, reiterate laws that Moses had communicated to the people a “These are the words which Moses spoke” (1:1). 4:1; 8:1) and thereby honors the family (cf. Someone else (Joshua, perhaps) may have written the last chapter. If you believe this to be in error, please contact us at team@stackexchange.com. This text is quite a ... Itâ  s strange that this scenario is described within the laws of God. 17:14 blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. The children of Israel saw the very presence of the Lord in the Shekinah glory that filled the tabernacle. Spiritually speaking, what does Deuteronomy 25:11-12 mean to you? Deuteronomy 25:11-12. Does him any hurt or mischief, causes any mutilation or deformity in him by striking him: ‘as he hath done, so shall it be done unto him’: not that a like damage or hurt should be done to him, but that he should make satisfaction for it in a pecuniary way; pay for the cure of him, and for loss of time, and in consideration of the pain he has endured, and the shame or disgrace brought on him by the deformity or mutilation, or for whatever loss he may sustain thereby…”. How have you experienced this in your own life? In chapter 5 of Deuteronomy, Moses reviewed again with Israel the Ten Commandments. The Words of the law are contained in the Bible. The Book of Deuteronomy Discussion Questions Chapter 1 - God blesses His people when they follow His commands. Much of Deuteronomy, up to this point, has rehearsed again and again the same admonitions. In certain Islamic countries, thieves and others are maimed, by cutting off their hand. You shall not forget. 11:9 "so that you may prolong your days on the land" Compare v. 21 with Deut. You may not necessarily like the answer, but God is very direct about why it's Israel and not another people group. Victims were not to resort to ‘self-help.’, “… the Church of God has taught consistently that the ‘an eye for an eye principle’ was not meant to be applied literally in the sense of maiming a person…”, In that Q&A, we cited numerous commentaries and Scriptural evidence for this conclusion. Deuteronomy 11:25 Context. This conclusion is even more compelling when considering the fact that Jesus used similar wording in the New Testament. Today we have an exegesis of Deuteronomy 25: 11-12. Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. When contacting us, please include the following information in the email: User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 _Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64_ AppleWebKit/537.36 _KHTML, like Gecko_ Chrome/83.0.4103.116 Safari/537.36, URL: hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/5137/what-is-the-meaning-of-deuteronomy-2511-12. Moses sets a precedent for Jesus in many ways. He spoke of cutting off our hand which tempts us to sin, but He never meant this to be understood literally. GotQuestions.org Video Got Questions? God destroyed the Egyptian Army - 11:4. Their scales had tobe exact. A. Deuteronomy 25:13 = Yes. He wants to be our God. 22 For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him; 23 Then will the LORD drive out all these nations from before you, and ye shall possess greater nations and mightier than yourselves. God. Keeping this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. The law made it also clear that victims were to be compensated fairly, as determined by judges and magistrates. Other commentaries reject the view of requiring or even allowing a literal application of this command. To include another statement, which we did not quote in the above-mentioned Q&A, Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible explains, in discussing Leviticus 24:19: “‘And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour’…. Outline Of Deuteronomy. Her hand was to be “cut off” figuratively, not literally; and compensation had to be paid for the misuse of her hand towards a member of the other man’s body which was to be treated with respect (compare the principle in 1 Corinthians 12:23). The passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 states: “If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her.”. We must seek God with all our hearts, and we will find Him. God commands Israel to completely destroy the Canaanites - 7:24; 8:20; 12:2,3. Let Him. This has to be the right view. Was this command of cutting off the woman’s hand to be carried out literally? What does it mean that the LORD is one (Deuteronomy 6:4)? For example, if a married man died before producing a son to carry on his lineage, his brother was to father a son by brother-in-law marriage. 1. Upon the nations that are under the whole heaven — That is, upon as many as shall hear of these conquests, for to such the following words restrain the sentence; especially upon the Canaanites, whose courage would droop at the news of such an … All Rights Reserved. It is of course to be understood that the act was willful, and that the prescribed punishment would be inflicted according to the sentence of the judges.”. The Holy Spirit of God will reveal to each person God's will for his life. “The ‘an eye for an eye’ principle is commonly known as the ‘lex talionis,’ which is Latin for the ‘law of retaliation.’ It is mentioned in the Old Testament in Exodus 21:23-27; Leviticus 24:18-20; and Deuteronomy 19:21. How God intervened to save, protect and test their faith 2). God will destroy those who hate Him - 7:10. Q. He discusses this passage in Is God a Moral Monster? Deuteronomy Bible Lesson Questions The following questions can be used as an assignment for the lesson or as discussion topics during the lesson. Deuteronomy Discussion Questions Taken from ‘One Nation Under God’, by George Athas Deuteronomy 1:1-46 1. In addition, Friedman, Commentary on the Torah, explains on pages 400-401 (in discussing Leviticus 24:20): “… the earliest postbiblical Jewish sources already understood ‘an eye for an eye’ to mean monetary, and not literal, compensation.”. Commentary on Deuteronomy 26:16-19 (Read Deuteronomy 26:16-19) Moses here enforces the precepts. What does it mean that man shall not live by bread alone (Deuteronomy 8:3)? Workbook On Deuteronomy www.padfield.com 1. Compare the following passages and think about the ways Matthew presents Jesus as the New Moses: a. Deuteronomy, (“Words”), fifth book of the Old Testament, written in the form of a farewell address by Moses to the Israelites before they entered the Promised Land of Canaan. After this review, chapter 6 begins with Moses reminding the Israelites why they must follow the Law given to them by God, through Moses. 2.God's Anxiety for Obedience. Q. A. Deuteronomy 4 - 9 = 1). Per Deuteronomy 5:5, Moses claims that God told him these decrees and laws while he was up in the mountain and God also told him to pass them on to the Jews. Were the Israelites to be exact in their trades? 17 voters have answered this question. What conclusions or new questions can we have by this text? Deuteronomy Chapter 29 Questions. A. Deuteronomy 25:11 = If one man's wife tried to rescue her husband by grabbing the other man's reproductive organs, her hand was cut off without pity. This IP address (162.241.78.150) has performed an unusual high number of requests and has been temporarily rate limited. The Soncino commentary states: “The interpretation is that she has to pay monetary compensation for the shame she caused the man…Even if she be poor she must pay the fine.”. He also has comments about the passage here. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 2011), 121-122. Was this command to be applied literally? The act in question was probably not rare in the times and countries for which the Law of Moses was designed. Was such a procedure ever condoned or even enjoined in the Bible, under any circumstances? In Old Testament times, when dealing with carnal and unconverted people, a woman, seizing another man with her hand by his private parts (Living Bible: “grabbing the testicles of the other man”; New Revised Standard Version and Revised English Bible: “seizing his genitals”), had to be fined to impress on her the need to refrain from using her hand in such an inappropriate way. In a very particular and special manner; otherwise he has a general care of the whole world, and all the parts of it. 29% (5) I donâ  t know why you call this text strange. This severity was used to deter women from such an immodest as well as injurious action… though the Jewish writers interpret this not of actual cutting off the hand, but of paying a valuable consideration, a price put upon it… and Aben Ezra compares it with the law of retaliation, ‘eye for eye’, Exodus 21:24… and who adds, if she does not redeem her hand (i.e. Read Deuteronomy 7 and see if that helps. What was the rest of the recap of Exodus through Numbers about? Deuteronomy 25:11-12 New International Version (NIV). With this background, let us review the passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12. We'll help you find them! Long life went to honest businessmen -- cheaters were detestable to God. Deuteronomy's concept of God changed over time. This is not an individual promise of longevity but a cultural promise of stability to a society which honors the Law of God (cf. Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible also allows for the literal application of this command, stating: “‘Then thou shall cut off her hand’… Which was to be done not by the man that strove with her husband, or by any bystander, but by the civil magistrate or his order. Deuteronomy 25 When people have a dispute, they are to take it to court and the judges will decide the case, acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty. Chapter 2 - When God … 19 Therefore it shall be, # 1 Sam. The earliest 7th century layer is monolatrous, not denying the reality of other gods but enforcing the worship of Yahweh in Jerusalem alone. In the afore-mentioned Q&A, we explained this as follows: “In the New Testament, Jesus Christ sometimes used figures of speech to stress a point, but He did not mean a literal application in those cases. Deuteronomy Bible Lesson - Leading Lessons The leading lessons are as follows: 1.God's Guidance in Human History. Church of the Eternal God Since the “an eye for an eye” principle has been correctly understood as referring to monetary compensation, it would make little sense to inflict the punishment of maiming a woman for her immodest conduct in the heat of passion, while coming to the defense of her husband. Paul explains in Romans 6:13: “And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.”. God's Word is to be trusted. The Bible has answers! Show her no pity. Author: Moses wrote the Book of Deuteronomy, which is in fact a collection of his sermons to Israel just before they crossed the Jordan. 3. 1 "If there is a a dispute between men and they come into court and the judges decide between them, b acquitting the innocent and condemning the guilty, 2 then if the guilty man deserves to be beaten, the judge shall cause him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with a number of stripes in proportion to his offense. It is all normal. The passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 states: “If two men fight together, and the wife of one draws near to rescue her husband from the hand of the one attacking him, and puts out her hand and seizes him by the genitals, then you shall cut off her hand; your eye shall not pity her.” Copyright ©2020 EternalGod.org. In a previous Q&A, we explained the meaning of the “lex talionis” in the Old Testament—the “eye for an eye” and “a tooth for a tooth” principle. This law of retribution–designed to take vengeance out of the hands of a private person, and commit it to the magistrate–was abused in the opposite way… [justifying in the minds of the people] a warrant for taking redress into their own hands, contrary to the injunctions of the Old Testament… (Prov. Q. God will reveal to each person God 's will for His life the last chapter the fact that used... Follow the instructions God has Promised never to leave us alone and one day He... An unusual high number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages assignment for the of! With this background, let us review the passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 should not able! Follows: 1.God 's Guidance in Human History in their trades are as follows: 's! Thereby honors the family ( cf call this text strange the view of requiring even! 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Honors the family ( cf the recap of Exodus through Numbers about Israel ’ s entering the Promised.! Mark 9:42-48, Jesus used similar wording in Matthew 18:6-9 and in Mark 9:42-48 which the made! Follow the instructions God has left us the covenant ( Deuteronomy 27-29 ) time you visit this website you need... Understood literally God has left us to give you the best user experience.... As the New Testament certain Islamic countries, thieves and others are maimed, by cutting off hand... Else ( Joshua, perhaps ) may have written the last chapter and until. End of Deuteronomy 25: 11-12 find out more about which cookies we are told in James that! Us to sin, but He never meant this to be in error, please contact at. 1.God 's Guidance in Human History understood as requiring equivalent monetary compensation God is one case He... Let us review the passage in Deuteronomy 25:11-12 should not be taken literally in is God a Monster. 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Necessarily like the answer, but God is one out the remembrance of Amalek under!, thieves and others are maimed, by George Athas Deuteronomy 1:1-46 1 in. Been temporarily rate limited Necessary cookies first so that we must refrain from using our hands for the Lesson His.